BASILICA OF ST. CLEMENTE
The Basilica of St. Clemente is a Roman Catholic minor basilica dedicated to Pope Clement I; it is located near the Colosseum area. Built in the 12th century, the Basilica is a three-tiered complex of buildings. Directly underneath the present basilica, in fact, the excavation of the 19th century found the original 4th century basilica and also a still lower level where is located the home of a Roman nobleman, part of which served as an early church during the 1st century and as a mithraeum in the 2nd century.
The Basilica is a special place for all those who love underground tours and for those who want to live the experience of a journey across the various stages of Rome’s past.
Palazzo Valentini was built in the 16th century by cardinal Michele Bonelli, nephew of Pope Pius V. During its history, it was restored and transformed several times because of the changing of its owners: for instance, the building hosted, over the years, a great Imperial library beloved by art historian Johann Winckelmann and a private theater used by German composer George Handel. In 1827 the Palazzo was bought by the Prussian banker and Consul-General Vincenzo Valentini, who gave his name to the palace. The building became, after 1873, the base of the provincial and prefectural administration in Rome.
Beneath the Palazzo you will find a real treasure: the archeological remains of homes – called Domus Romane – belonging to the wealthy families of Imperial Rome.
The Colosseum – also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre and largest ampthiteather ever built, is one of the most iconic symbol of Rome and also one of the most popular tourist attraction of Earth, as it is listed as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. it could held 50,000 spectators. In spite of disasters that devastated its structure – as the earthquakes of AD 847 and AD 1231 or the sack of Rome by Visigoths in AD 410 – the Colosseum still stands up today as the major sign of the ancient Roman greatness.
The Colosseum was used to host gladiatorial shows and also other events, as the animal hunt called venation, the re-enactments of famous battles or executions and dramas. It ceased to be used for entertainment in the early Medieval era; then it was used as a fortress, as a quarry and as a Christian shrine.
The Capitoline Museums is a single museum located in Piazza del Campidoglio, on the top of the Capitoline Hill. The history of the museum began in 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV located there a collection of important ancient bronzes donated to the people of Rome. Pope Clement XII decided to open the collection in 1734: for this reason, this is considered as the first museum of the world, understood as a place where everyone could enjoy art. The collections are closely linked to Rome, and most of the exhibits come from the city itself.
The museum is composed by three main buildings surrounding Piazza del Campidoglio which are interlinked by an underground gallery beneath the Piazza. These buildings are: Palazzo Senatorio and Palazzo Conservatori, both modified and redesigned by Michelangelo, and Palazzo Nuovo. Palazzo Caffarelli-Clementino was added later in the XXth century to the museum complex.